Eating a healthy, well balanced diet high in antioxidants, vitamins and other nutrients can help keep your eyes healthy.
Choose low glycemic index (GI) carbohydrates and limit the intake of fats. High fibre, low GI carbohydrates and limited saturated fats are also good for people living with diabetes, and trying to prevent or slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy.
Important antioxidants for eye health include lutein and zeaxanthin.
These are present in high concentrations in a healthy macula and help to protect your eyes. They are found in dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale and silverbeet, and to a lesser extent in other vegetables such as corn, yellow capsicum, peas, pumpkin and Brussels sprouts.
In addition, vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc and selenium are important antioxidants for a healthy macula.