Epiretinal membrane can also be known by other names: macular pucker, pre-retinal membrane, cellophane maculopathy, surface wrinkling retinopathy, and pre-macular fibrosis.
An epiretinal membrane is a thin layer of tissue that has formed on the retina. This then causes wrinkling of the retina. If this tissue is over the macula, it can lead to blurred and distorted central vision.
Epiretinal membranes typically form after a posterior vitreous detachment (PVD). A PVD occurs when the vitreous pulls away from the retina. The vitreous is a jelly-like substance in the eye that helps it maintain a round shape. This happens during the natural ageing process, but can also occur after surgery or inflammation of the eye.
This fact sheet explores the symptoms of epiretinal membrane and how it is treated. You can view the fact sheet online or download it for free.